In recent years, there has been significant advancement in the field of dental implantation and tooth replacement. However, the fundamental principle remains the same: preserving the basic structure of the implant, typically made from titanium, which has a threaded hollow center where the tooth structure is attached. This structure is often referred to as the “abutment.”

When Is Dental Implantation Needed?

Let’s start from the beginning. The loss of teeth can have serious consequences. It’s essential for a dentist to identify the reasons for tooth extraction, whether due to decay, gum disease, tissue issues, or tooth fractures. The dentist’s goal is to restore oral function by repairing or replacing the lost teeth.

What Is Dental Implantation?

Dental implantation is the latest and most successful option for replacing missing teeth. This procedure involves replacing lost tooth roots with titanium posts to provide stability for the replacement teeth. To ensure the success of dental implantation, certain conditions must be met:

  1. The patient should be free of certain medical conditions that affect bone health, such as advanced diabetes or osteoporosis.
  2. Adequate jawbone volume is necessary, as this type of bone tends to deteriorate when teeth are lost.
  3. To guarantee implant success, it’s essential to first replace any lost bone tissue before proceeding with the implant.
  4. Ensuring the proper distance between the bone where the implants will be placed and the nasal sinuses and jaw nerves is crucial, a task performed by the dentist using analyses and X-rays.
  5. Of course, maintaining oral and dental health is paramount.

How Is Dental Implantation Performed?

Dental implantation is a surgical procedure that typically takes about one to two hours, depending on the number of artificial teeth to be placed in the mouth. Here are the expected steps during the procedure:

  1. Comprehensive planning by the dentist to determine the suitable area, jawbone diameter, and angle for implant placement before the procedure.
  2. Panoramic imaging and, in many cases, a CT scan of the area to aid the dentist in their work.
  3. Thorough sterilization of the surgical site followed by local anesthesia.
  4. Creating a small incision in the gum to expose the jawbone area where the implant will be secured.
  5. Drilling holes in the jawbone and inserting the implants, ensuring their stability.
  6. After this, the body’s natural healing processes take over to regenerate gum tissue around the implants. Tissue regeneration and the fusion of the tooth with the surrounding bone can take from 3 to 6 months.

Dental Implants vs. Fixed or Removable Dentures

  • Removable Dentures: The use of removable dentures is currently quite limited and is often used as a temporary solution for older adults.
  • Fixed Dental Implants: Fixed dental implants are used to replace lost teeth, protect fragile teeth from breaking, and even enhance the appearance of teeth, especially front teeth.

Laser Dental Implantation

One advanced method of dental implantation involves minor surgery without traditional surgical procedures. This approach can be used in areas where there’s sufficient bone. The process involves expanding the bone by creating a small hole in the gum, typically no larger than 5 mm in diameter, using known laser types on the gum in the area to be opened. This method provides patients with the highest level of comfort, superior healing, and tissue fusion following the procedure, thanks to the thermal properties of laser treatment.

More details of Dental Implantation

Duration of Dental Implantation

The duration of this procedure is similar to endoscopic surgery but can be shortened depending on the patient’s bone condition. In some cases, implant placement can occur immediately after extraction, with a healing period ranging from 35 to 180 days to ensure proper fusion of the jawbone.

After Dental Implantation

After the dental implantation procedure and the placement of the new tooth, patients can use their new teeth naturally. They should maintain gum health and avoid leaving food debris behind. Regular dental check-ups every six months are essential.

Conclusion:

Dental implantation is an effective and common solution for replacing missing teeth. If you’re dealing with tooth loss and seeking a long-lasting solution, dental implantation may be the optimal choice. Consult with a dentist to assess your condition and choose the best option for you.